Top 10 busiest ports in the world
Supply Chain Digital takes a look at the ten busiest global cargo ports, calculated by worldshipping.org and based upon number of TEUs (Twenty-foot Equivalent Units) handled in a year
10 | Tianjin, China
Tianjjn port is the largest port in Northern China and the main gateway to Beijing. In 2015, it had a TEU volume of 14.11mn; an increased volume of almost 2mn TEUs in two years. Formerly known as the Port of Tanggu, the port was originally opened in 1860, before being reopened as Tianjin in 1952. The port is currently operated by Tianjin Port Group.
9 | Jebel Ali, United Arab Emirates
Jebel Ali is situated in Dubai and, as of 2016, has a volume of 15.60m TEU. The port is operated by DP World UAE Region and is the largest port in the Middle East. The Operator holds over 78 marine terminals around the world, but Jebel Ali is its flagship. Jebel Ali connects with more than 140 ports globally.
8 | Guangzhou, China
Guangzhou Harbour holds a volume of 17.22mn TEUs and is operated by Guangzhou Port Group Co Ltd; a state-owned company. Guangzhou is an ancient port, but the company itself was established in 2004. Guangzhou Harbour is the largest port in South China and reaches over 300 ports worldwide.
7 | Qingdao, China
The port has been operating since 1892 and was renamed as Qingdao Port in 1987. As of the end of 2016, the operator Qingdao Port International CO Ltd operated 81 berths at the port, including 51 dedicated to a single type of cargo and 30 capable of handling metal ore, coal and general cargo. Qingdao port has a current volume of 17.47mn TEUs.
6 | Port of Busan, South Korea
Port of Busan is the largest port in South Korea and was opened in 1876. It has been operated by the Busan Port Authority at Busan Harbor for over a decade, and in 2015 it handled 19.45mn TEUs, making it the world’s sixth busiest container port by traffic.
5 | Port of Hong Kong, SAR, China
The Port of Hong Kong, by Victoria Harbour, is a deep-water sea port operated by the Hong Kong Maritime and Port Board. It handled 20.07mn TEUs in 2015 and provides around 330 container liner services per week, connecting to around 470 ports across the world. The port mainly deals with manufactured products, but also handles some raw materials and passengers.
4 | Ningbo-Zhoushan, China
Ningbo-Zhoushan Port has a long history: Ningbo Port was established as early as 738 and has always been one of China’s major seaports. In 2006, it was merged with the neighbouring Port of Zhoushan. The port is at the crossroads of the north-south inland and coastal shipping route that lead to the important inland waterway to interior China. In 2015, the port handled 20.63mn TEUs.
3 | The Port of Shenzhen, China
The Port of Shenzhen is a collection of ports along the coastline of Shenzhen, which is 260km long. One of the busiest and fastest growing container ports in the world, it hosts 39 shipping companies with 131 international container routes. The port has 140 berths in total and in 2015 handled 24.20mn TEUs.
2 | The Port of Singapore
The port of Singapore accounts for one seventh of the world’s container shipments and is also one of the world’s largest refrigerated container ports, connected to over 600 others around the world. The port also trans-ships a fifth of the world’s shipping containers. In 2015, the port handled 30.92mn TEUs.
1 | Port of Shanghai, China
The size of 470 football pitches, Shanghai port is said to have enabled China to become the world’s largest trading nation. Shanghai’s annual import and export trade makes up a quarter of China’s foreign trade in value. The port handled over 36.54mn TEUs in 2015. Opened as a treaty port in 1842, since 2003 the port has been managed by Shanghai International Port, which is a majority state-owned firm.